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[学员心声] 2012年自考英语(一)重点难点语法解析

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发表于 2012-3-31 17:08:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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 动词的时态和语态

一般 
进行 
完成 
完成进行 
过去 
I did 
I was doing 
I had done 
I had been doing 
现在 
I do  
I am doing 
I have done  
I have been doing  
将来 
I shall do 
I shall be doing 
I shall have done 
I shall have been doing(/) 
过去将来 
I should do  
I should be doing(/) 
I should ha ve done(/) 
I should have been doing(/) 
  重点语法——动词的时态和语态
  时态的呼应
  I thought the experiment was going on now.
  She said this apparatus would be available next week.
  Am/is/are/+ done. This room is cleaned every day.
  Was/were +done This room was cleaned yesterday.
  Will be+ done This room will be cleaned.
  Am/is/are being done This room is being cleaned at the moment.
  Was/were being done This room was being cleaned when I arrived.
  Have/has been done My car has been repaired.
  Had been done The room looks much better. It had been cleaned.
  No sooner had I arrived at the theatre than the film began .
  Hardly……… when
  Some people think that the relations between people have deteriorated -( deteriorate) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible.
  Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened (happen) to her.
  非谓语动词
  动词不定式
  做主语 To see is to believe.
  What to do next has not been decide
  It is not easy to remember all these words.
  表语 To know everything is to know nothing.
  定语 This is a book to be written .
  宾语 I want to study .
  He found it impossible to keep silent any longer.
  宾补 They warned me not to be late.
  I let you do it
  (make, have, see, watch, notice, look at, observe, smell, listen to, hear,perceive)
  状语 Yesterday he came to see me.
  独立成份 To be frank , she is not my girlfriend.
  形容词补语 I am glad to hear the news.
  不定式的逻辑主语 For a bridge to collapse like that is unbelievable.
  不定式的 时态和语态 to do(be) , to be+p.p.
  to have done, to have been done
  动名词
  主 , 表语 Seeing is believing
  Tom's going there won't do any harm.
  My hobby is collecting stamps.
  定语 This is a swimming poor. ( a poor for swimming)
  This is a hiding place ( a place for hiding )
  宾语 I enjoy studying (mind, keep, appreciate, can't help, consider, postpone,suggest,admit etc.)
  Do you mind my smoking here
  介词 + 宾语
  I used to doing. (confess to, look forward to, object to doing sth.)
  be involve in, consist of, be fond of, etc.
  动名词的时态和语态基本形同分词的时态和语态
  分词
  状语 When I saw the film, I felt sad = Seeing the film, I felt sad.
  Because it is Sunday today, we have no school.
  It being Sunday, we have no school.
  When the job was finished, we went home straight away.
  The job finished, we went home straight away.
  定语 The boy standing there is a classmate of mine.
  =The boy who is standing there is a classmate of mine.
  The used car. A broken cup the question involved.
  表语 The film is exciting. All the windows are broken.
  宾补 I found them watering flowers.( I found that they were watering flowers.
  I found the flowers watered. ( I found the flowers watered)
  分词的时态和语态 .( 形同动名词 )
  doing (being) being done
  having done having been done
  ______nothing to say, the boy shield way form the crowd.
  A. Having B. Have C Had. D. Having being
  What developed was a music readily taking ( take) on various forms.
  Not having got (not get) enough hands, she had great difficulty in accomplishing the task.
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